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Chickering and Gamson's 7 principles for good practice in undergraduate education

By Steve Draper,   Department of Psychology,   University of Glasgow.

Arthur W. Chickering and Zelda F. Gamson (1987) "Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education" American Association of Higher Education Bulletin vol.39 no.7 pp.3-7   Online version

These seven principles are widely respected at least in the USA. Note that they all can all be applied to assessment, not just to wider aspects of education. Here they are in brief (see links below for exposition).

  1. Encourages contacts between students and faculty.
  2. Develops reciprocity and cooperation among students.
  3. Uses active learning techniques. (a.k.a. "Encourages active learning")
  4. Gives prompt feedback.
  5. Emphasizes time on task.
  6. Communicates high expectations.
  7. Respects diverse talents and ways of learning.

They also list "six powerful forces in education":

  1. Activity [cf. 3]
  2. Expectations [cf. 6]
  3. Cooperation [cf. 2]
  4. Interaction [cf. 1,2,4]
  5. Diversity [cf. 7]
  6. Responsibility [cf. 6?, 5?]

Here are some more links to them:


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